# 中英文对照文章_英语中文文章

1.中国节日风俗的中英文对照版文章

2.关于汽车方面的中英文对照短文

3.求一篇商务或者科技英语英译汉文章（中英文都有，能注明出处），1000英文单词左右,中文翻译最好是原创

4.关于科比的英文文章阅读

5.翻译英文文章，急用！！

Philadelphia Inquirer

费城询报

Aug. 13, 2003

Gross Inadequacy

极度不称职（双关语，因为文章对象姓Gross格若斯，gross也是极度，不可容忍的意思，“格若斯的不称职”）

By John Curran

约翰卡元

Associated Press

美联社

ATLANTIC CITY - A coroner whose career was derailed after he botched an autopsy - prompting a murder charge against an innocent man - will retire. But he will not go quietly.

大西洋城 - 一个处理验尸不当导致清白人受指控的验尸师即将退休，但他不会悄然离去

Elliot Gross is giving up his $142,500-a-year job as medical examiner for Cape May and Cumberland Counties, but he plans to fight state-imposed sanctions stemming from his March 2001 mistake in the autopsy of Ellen Andros, he said.

艾利亚特-格若斯即将放弃他年薪十四万两千五美元，在五月角（Cape May）和康柏地（Cumberland）乡作验尸官的职位，但他说他反驳州府因他在2001年三月解剖艾琳-安卓斯尸体时的失误而加在他头上的禁令。

"My plans for the immediate future are to take all steps necessary to remove the cloud placed upon me by the state medical examiner's unwarranted actions," he told Cape May County officials in a letter.

“我在即将到来的未来将取所有必需的步鄹以去除州验尸官莫虚有的形为加在我头上黑云阴影。”他在给五月角乡官员的一封信里说。

Gross, 69, has been under fire since last December over the Andros autopsy, in which he concluded that the 31-year-old mother of two had been suffocated.

格若斯，69岁，从去年十二月以来一直因安卓斯验尸遭受攻击，他对安卓斯这位31岁的母亲的验尸结论是受窒息而死。

His conclusion led prosecutors to charge Atlantic City Police Officer James Andros with murder.

他的结论导致公诉员指控亚特兰大城警官詹母斯-安卓斯行凶。

Andros, who lost custody of his daughters and was suspended from his job as a result, was exonerated a month before he was to go on trial after two forensic pathologists reviewing Gross' work determined that Ellen Andros died of a rare cardiac condition, not suffocation.

由于被控而失去了对他女儿的监护权并被停职的安卓斯，在两名犯罪病理研究员重新审查了格若斯的工作并确认艾琳-安卓斯死于一种罕见的心脏病而非被窒息致死后，在即将出庭受审前两个月被解除了罪名。

Gross, who admitted his mistake, was ordered to undergo remedial testing by the state medical examiner's office, which said his oversight constituted professional incompetence.

承认过失的格若斯，被令接受州验尸办公室的弥补性考核。州验尸办公室称他的失职构成了专业无能不称职。

As part of the censure, Gross was banned from performing unsupervised autopsies and ordered to perform 20 autopsies under the supervision of a state-designated forensic pathologist as well as to observe 20 others.

作为禁令的一部分，格若斯被禁进行无人监管的验尸工作并被令在州府指定的验尸病理学家监管下进行20次验尸并观察另20个验尸案例。

Last month, acting State Medical Examiner John Krolikowski said Gross' work in the remedial tests was shoddy, and he refused to reinstate Gross' privileges.

上个月，州值行验尸官约翰-克劳利考斯基称格若斯在弥补性考核中的工作质量马虎，因此拒绝恢复格若斯的专业特权。

At the time, Gross took an unpaid lee of absence.

那时，格若斯已开始了不带薪离职休。

But he said Monday that he had decided to step down after discussing his predicament with family members.

但他在周一说，经过和家人讨论他的困境，他已决定辞职。

"I'm certainly not retiring from my professional life," he said in an interview. "Whether I'll come back in another position as medical examiner, I don't know."

“我决没有从我的职业生涯退休，”他在接受访时说。“我不知我是否还会作为验尸官回到另一职位。”

Gross, the son of a pediatrician, served as chief medical examiner for the state of Connecticut and later chief medical examiner for New York City, where he was fired in 1987.

作为一名儿科医生的儿子，格若斯曾是康州的总验尸官，后又成为纽约市的总验尸官但于1987年被解职。

He has performed more than 7,000 autopsies - including one on ex-Beatle John Lennon - in his career. Several he made headlines.

他在职业生涯中解剖了7000具尸体- 包括前硬甲壳虫乐队乐手约翰-列农。 有几次上了头条新闻。

*

In New York, he said subway graffiti artist Michael Stewart died of cardiac arrest; in fact, he died of injuries suffered while in police custody.

在纽约，他说地铁涂鸦画家麦克-斯图亚特死于心肌艮死，实际上他死于在警察监控下所受的创伤。

*

In New Jersey, where he began working in 1995, Gross blamed blunt-force trauma - from an exploding automobile air bag - for the 19 death of Tracy Thomas, a dentist's wife; Michael Baden, a pathologist working for Ford Motor Co., contended that she was strangled.

在他1995开始工作的新泽西，格若斯将一名牙科医生麦克-贝登的妻子翠西-汤马斯19的死亡归咎于从汽车里弹开的保护气囊所受的钝伤，福特汽车雇的病理学家反对说她是被勒死的。

Junk Science

垃圾科学

Truth in Justice

法律真相

中国节日风俗的中英文对照版文章

Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler (pronounced Oiler; IPA [l?]) (April 15, 1707 – September 18 [O.S. September 7] 1783) was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist, who spent most of his life in Russia and Germany. He published more papers than any other mathematician in history.[1]

Euler made important discoveries in fields as diverse as calculus and topology. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function.[2] He is also renowned for his work in mechanics, optics, and astronomy.

Euler is considered to be the preeminent mathematician of the 18th century and one of the greatest of all time. He is also one of the most prolific; his collected works fill 60–80 quarto volumes.[3] A statement attributed to Pierre-Simon Laplace expresses Euler's influence on mathematics: "Read Euler, read Euler, he is a master for us all".[4]

Euler was featured on the sixth series of the Swiss 10-franc banknote[5] and on numerous Swiss, German, and Russian postage stamps. The asteroid 2002 Euler was named in his honor. He is also commemorated by the Lutheran Church on their Calendar of Saints on May 24.

Contents [hide]

1 Biography

1.1 Childhood

1.2 St. Petersburg

1.3 Berlin

1.4 Eyesight deterioration

1.5 Last stage of life

2 Contributions to mathematics

2.1 Mathematical notation

2.2 Analysis

2.3 Number theory

2.4 Graph theory

2.5 Applied mathematics

2.6 Physics and astronomy

2.7 Logic

3 Philosophy and religious beliefs

4 Selected bibliography

5 See also

6 Notes

7 Further reading

8 External links

[edit] Biography

[edit] Childhood

Swiss 10 Franc banknote honoring Euler, the most successful Swiss mathematician in history.Euler was born in Basel to Paul Euler, a pastor of the Reformed Church, and Marguerite Brucker, a pastor's daughter. He had two younger sisters named Anna Maria and Maria Magdalena. Soon after the birth of Leonhard, the Eulers moved from Basel to the town of Riehen, where Euler spent most of his childhood. Paul Euler was a family friend of the Bernoullis, and Johann Bernoulli, who was then regarded as Europe's foremost mathematician, would eventually be an important influence on the young Leonhard. His early formal education started in Basel, where he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother. At the age of thir he matriculated at the University of Basel, and in 1723, received a masters of philosophy degree with a dissertation that compared the philosophies of Descartes and Newton. At this time, he was receiving Saturday afternoon lessons from Johann Bernoulli, who quickly discovered his new pupil's incredible talent for mathematics.[6]

Euler was at this point studying theology, Greek, and Hebrew at his father's urging, in order to become a pastor. Johann Bernoulli intervened, and convinced Paul Euler that Leonhard was destined to become a great mathematician. In 1726, Euler completed his Ph.D. dissertation on the propagation of sound with the title De Sono[7] and in 1727, he entered the Paris Academy Prize Problem competition, where the problem that year was to find the best way to place the masts on a ship. He won second place, losing only to Pierre Bouguer—a man now known as "the father of nal architecture". Euler, however, would eventually win the coveted annual prize twelve times in his career.[8]

[edit] St. Petersburg

Around this time Johann Bernoulli's two sons, Daniel and Nicolas, were working at the Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences in St Petersburg. In July 1726, Nicolas died of endicitis after spending a year in Russia, and when Daniel assumed his brother's position in the mathematics/physics division, he recommended that the post in physiology that he had vacated be filled by his friend Euler. In November 1726 Euler eagerly accepted the offer, but delayed making the trip to St Petersburg. In the interim he unsuccessfully lied for a physics professorship at the University of Basel.[9]

1957 stamp of the former Soviet Union commemorating the 250th birthday of Euler. The text says: 250 years from the birth of the great mathematician and academician, Leonhard Euler.Euler arrived in the Russian capital on May 17, 1727. He was promoted from his junior post in the medical department of the academy to a position in the mathematics department. He lodged with Daniel Bernoulli with whom he often worked in close collaboration. Euler mastered Russian and settled into life in St Petersburg. He also took on an additional job as a medic in the Russian Ny.[10]

The Academy at St. Petersburg, established by Peter the Great, was intended to improve education in Russia and to close the scientific gap with Western Europe. As a result, it was made especially attractive to foreign scholars like Euler: the academy possessed ample financial resources and a comprehensive library drawn from the private libraries of Peter himself and of the nobility. Very few students were enrolled in the academy so as to lessen the faculty's teaching burden, and the academy emphasized research and offered to its faculty both the time and the freedom to pursue scientific questions.[8]

However, the Academy's benefactress, Catherine I, who had attempted to continue the progressive policies of her late husband, died the day of Euler's arrival. The Russian nobility then gained power upon the ascension of the twelve-year-old Peter II. The nobility were suspicious of the academy's foreign scientists, and thus cut funding and caused numerous other difficulties for Euler and his colleagues.

Conditions improved slightly upon the death of Peter II, and Euler swiftly rose through the ranks in the academy and was made professor of physics in 1731. Two years later, Daniel Bernoulli, who was fed up with the censorship and hostility he faced at St. Petersburg, left for Basel. Euler succeeded him as the head of the mathematics department.[11]

On January 7, 1734, he married Katharina Gsell, daughter of a painter from the Academy Gymnasium. The young couple bought a house by the Neva River, and had thir children, of whom only five survived childhood.[12]

[edit] Berlin

Stamp of the former German Democratic Republic honoring Euler on the 200th anniversary of his death. In the middle, it is showing his polyhedral formula.Concerned about continuing turmoil in Russia, Euler debated whether to stay in St. Petersburg or not. Frederick the Great of Prussia offered him a post at the Berlin Academy, which he accepted. He left St. Petersburg on June 19, 1741 and lived twenty-five years in Berlin, where he wrote over 380 articles. In Berlin, he published the two works which he would be most renowned for: the Introductio in analysin infinitorum, a text on functions published in 1748 and the Institutiones calculi differentialis, a work on differential calculus.[13]

In addition, Euler was asked to tutor the Princess of Anhalt-Dessau, Frederick's niece. He wrote over 200 letters to her, which were later compiled into a best-selling volume, titled the Letters of Euler on different Subjects in Natural Philosophy Addressed to a German Princess. This work contained Euler's exposition on various subjects pertaining to physics and mathematics, as well as offering valuable insight on Euler's personality and religious beliefs. This book ended up being more widely read than any of his mathematical works, and was published all across Europe and in the United States. The popularity of the Letters testifies to Euler's ability to communicate scientific matters effectively to a lay audience, a rare ability for a dedicated research scientist.[13]

Despite Euler's immense contribution to the Academy's prestige, he was eventually forced to lee Berlin. This was caused in part by a personality conflict with Frederick. Frederick came to regard him as unsophisticated especially in comparison to the circle of philosophers the German king brought to the Academy. Voltaire was among those in Frederick's employ, and the Frenchman enjoyed a fored position in the king's social circle. Euler, a simple religious man and a hard worker, was very conventional in his beliefs and tastes. He was in many ways the direct opposite of Voltaire. Euler had very limited training in rhetoric and tended to debate matters that he knew little about, making him a frequent target of Voltaire's wit.[13] Frederick also expressed disointment with Euler's practical engineering abilities:

I wanted to he a water jet in my garden: Euler calculated the force of the wheels necessary to raise the water to a reservoir, from where it should fall back through channels, finally spurting out in Sanssouci. My mill was carried out geometrically and could not raise a mouthful of water closer than fifty paces to the reservoir. Vanity of vanities! Vanity of geometry![14]

[edit] Eyesight deterioration

A 1753 portrait by Emanuel Handmann. This portrayal suggests problems of the right eyelid and that Euler is perhaps suffering from strabismus. The left eye ears healthy, as it was a later cataract that destroyed it.[15]Euler's eyesight worsened throughout his mathematical career. Three years after suffering a near-fatal fever in 1735 he became nearly blind in his right eye, but Euler rather blamed his condition on the painstaking work on cartography he performed for the St. Petersburg Academy. Euler's sight in that eye worsened throughout his stay in Germany, so much so that Frederick referred to him as "Cyclops". Euler later suffered a cataract in his good left eye, rendering him almost totally blind a few weeks after its discovery. Even so, his condition eared to he little effect on his productivity, as he compensated for it with his mental calculation skills and photographic memory. For example, Euler could repeat the Aeneid of Virgil from beginning to end without hesitation, and for every page in the edition he could indicate which line was the first and which the last.[3]

[edit] Last stage of life

Euler's gre at the Alexander Nevsky Laura.The situation in Russia had improved greatly since the ascension of Catherine the Great, and in 1766 Euler accepted an invitation to return to the St. Petersburg Academy and spent the rest of his life in Russia. His second stay in the country was marred by tragedy. A 1771 fire in St. Petersburg cost him his home and almost his life. In 1773, he lost his wife of 40 years. Euler would remarry three years later.

On September 18, 1783, Euler passed away in St. Petersburg after suffering a brain hemorrhage and was buried in the Alexander Nevsky Laura. His eulogy was written for the French Academy by the French mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet, and an account of his life, with a list of his works, by Nikolaus von Fuss, Euler's son-in-law and the secretary of the Imperial Academy of St. Petersburg. Condorcet commented,

"...il cessa de calculer et de vivre," (he ceased to calculate and to live).[16]

[edit] Contributions to mathematics

Euler worked in almost all areas of mathematics: geometry, calculus, trigonometry, algebra, and number theory, not to mention continuum physics, lunar theory and other areas of physics. His importance in the history of mathematics cannot be overstated: if printed, his works, many of which are of fundamental interest, would occupy between 60 and 80 quarto volumes[3] and Euler's name is associated with an impressive number of topics. The 20th century Hungarian mathematician Paul Erd?s is perhaps the only other mathematician who could be considered to be as prolific.

[edit] Mathematical notation

Euler introduced and popularized several notational conventions through his numerous and widely circulated textbooks. Most notably, he introduced the concept of a function[2] and was the first to write f(x) to denote the function f lied to the argument x. He also introduced the modern notation for the trigonometric functions, the letter e for the base of the natural logarithm (now also known as Euler's number), the Greek letter ∑ for summations and the letter i to denote the imaginary unit.[17] The use of the Greek letter π to denote the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter was also popularized by Euler, although it did not originate with him.[18] Euler also contributed to the development of the the history of complex numbers system (the notation system of defining negative roots with a + bi).[19]

[edit] Analysis

The development of calculus was at the forefront of 18th century mathematical research, and the Bernoullis—family friends of Euler—were responsible for much of the early progress in the field. Thanks to their influence, studying calculus naturally became the major focus of Euler's work. While some of Euler's proofs may not he been acceptable under modern standards of rigour,[20] his ideas led to many great advances.

He is well known in analysis for his frequent use and development of power series: that is, the expression of functions as sums of infinitely many terms, such as

Notably, Euler discovered the power series expansions for e and the inverse tangent function. His daring (and, by modern standards, technically incorrect) use of power series enabled him to solve the famous Basel problem in 1735:[20]

A geometric interpretation of Euler's formulaEuler introduced the use of the exponential function and logarithms in analytic proofs. He discovered ways to express various logarithmic functions in terms of power series, and successfully defined logarithms for negative and complex numbers, thus greatly expanding the scope where logarithms could be lied in mathematics.[17] He also defined the exponential function for complex numbers and discovered its relation to the trigonometric functions. For any real number φ, Euler's formula states that the complex exponential function satisfies

A special case of the above formula is known as Euler's identity,

called "the most remarkable formula in mathematics" by Richard Feynman, for its single uses of the notions of addition, multiplication, exponentiation, and equality, and the single uses of the important constants 0, 1, e, i, and π.[21]

In addition, Euler elaborated the theory of higher transcendental functions by introducing the gamma function and introduced a new method for solving quartic equations. He also found a way to calculate integrals with complex limits, foreshadowing the development of modern complex analysis, and invented the calculus of variations including its most well-known result, the Euler-Lagrange equation.

Euler also pioneered the use of analytic methods to solve number theory problems. In doing so, he united two disparate branches of mathematics and introduced a new field of study, analytic number theory. In breaking ground for this new field, Euler created the theory of hypergeometric series, q-series, hyperbolic trigonometric functions and the analytic theory of continued fractions. For example, he proved the infinitude of primes using the divergence of the harmonic series, and used analytic methods to gain some understanding of the way prime numbers are distributed. Euler's work in this area led to the development of the prime number theorem.[22]

[edit] Number theory

Euler's great interest in number theory can be traced to the influence of his friend in the St. Petersburg Academy, Christian Goldbach. A lot of his early work on number theory was based on the works of Pierre de Fermat. Euler developed some of Fermat's ideas while disproving some of his more outlandish conjectures.

One focus of Euler's work was to link the nature of prime distribution with ideas in analysis. He proved that the sum of the reciprocals of the primes diverges. In doing so, he discovered the connection between Riemann zeta function and prime numbers, known as the Euler product formula for the Riemann zeta function.

Euler proved Newton's identities, Fermat's little theorem, Fermat's theorem on sums of two squares, and made distinct contributions to Lagrange's four-square theorem. He also invented the totient function φ(n) which assigns to a positive integer n the number of positive integers less than n and coprime to n. Using properties of this function he was able to generalize Fermat's little theorem to what would become known as Euler's theorem. He further contributed significantly to the understanding of perfect numbers, which had fascinated mathematicians since Euclid. Euler made progress toward the prime number theorem and conjectured the law of quadratic reciprocity. The two concepts are regarded as the fundamental theorems of number theory, and his ideas ped the way for Carl Friedrich Gauss.[23]

[edit] Graph theory

See also: Seven Bridges of K?nigsberg

Map of K?nigsberg in Euler's time showing the actual layout of the seven bridges, highlighting the river Pregel and the bridges.In 1736, Euler solved a problem known as the Seven Bridges of K?nigsberg.[24] The city of K?nigsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia) is set on the Pregel River, and included two large islands which were connected to each other and the mainland by seven bridges. The question is whether it is possible to walk with a route that crosses each bridge exactly once, and return to the starting point. It is not; and therefore not an Eulerian circuit. This solution is considered to be the first theorem of graph theory and planar graph theory.[24] Euler also introduced the notion now known as the Euler characteristic of a space and a formula relating the number of edges, vertices, and faces of a convex polyhedron with this constant. The study and generalization of this formula, specifically by Cauchy[25] and L'Huillier,[26] is at the origin of topology.

[edit] Applied mathematics

Some of Euler's greatest successes were in using analytic methods to solve real world problems, describing numerous lications of Bernoulli's numbers, Fourier series, Venn diagrams, Euler numbers, e and π constants, continued fractions and integrals. He integrated Leibniz's differential calculus with Newton's method of fluxions, and developed tools that made it easier to ly calculus to physical problems. He made great strides in improving the numerical roximation of integrals, inventing what are now known as the Euler roximations. The most notable of these roximations are Euler's method and the Euler-Maclaurin formula. He also facilitated the use of differential equations, in particular introducing the Euler-Mascheroni constant:

One of Euler's more unusual interests was the lication of mathematical ideas in music. In 1739 he wrote the Tentamen novae theoriae musicae, hoping to eventually integrate musical theory as part of mathematics. This part of his work, however, did not receive wide attention and was once described as too mathematical for musicians and too musical for mathematicians.[27]

[edit] Physics and astronomy

Euler helped develop the Euler-Bernoulli beam equation, which became a cornerstone of engineering. Aside from successfully lying his analytic tools to problems in classical mechanics, Euler also lied these techniques to celestial problems. His work in astronomy was recognized by a number of Paris Academy Prizes over the course of his career. His accomplishments include determining with great accuracy the orbits of comets and other celestial bodies, understanding the nature of comets, and calculating the parallax of the sun. His calculations also contributed to the development of accurate longitude tables.[28]

In addition, Euler made important contributions in optics. He disagreed with Newton's corpuscular theory of light in the Opticks, which was th

关于汽车方面的中英文对照短文

The Spring Festival

2008年04月16日

春节

农历的正(zheng)月初一，是中国的农历新年。在中国的传统节日中，这是一个最重要、最热闹的节日。因为过农历新年的时候，正是冬末春初，所以人们也把这个节日叫“春节”。

中国人过春节有很多传统习俗。从腊月二十三起，人们就开始准备过年了。在这段时间里，家家户户要大扫除，买年货，贴窗花，挂年画，写春联，蒸年糕，做好各种食品，准备辞旧迎新。

春节的前夜叫“除夕”。除夕之夜，是家人团聚的时候。一家人围坐在一起，吃一顿丰盛的年夜饭，说说笑笑，直到天亮，这叫守岁。除夕零点的钟声一响，人们还要吃饺子。古时候叫零点为“子时”，除夕的子时正是新旧年交替的时候，人们在这时吃饺子，是取“更岁交子”的意思。这也是“饺子”名称的由来。

过了除夕就是大年初一。从初一开始，人们要走亲戚、看朋友，互相拜年。拜年，是春节的重要习俗。拜年时，大家都要说一些祝愿幸福、健康的吉祥话。

放爆竹是春节期间孩子们最喜欢的活动。传说燃放爆竹可以驱妖除魔，所以每年从除夕之夜起，到处就响起了接连不断的爆竹声。阵阵烟花，声声爆竹，给节日增添了喜庆的气氛。

春节期间，很多地方还要举办庙会。庙会上精彩的舞龙舞狮表演，各式各样的工艺品和地方小吃，吸引千千万万欢度佳节的人们。

随时代的发展，过春节的习俗也有了一些变化。比如，为防止环境污染，很多城市已禁止燃放烟花爆竹。但这并不影响节日的热闹气氛。除夕之夜，家家户户仍然要团聚在一起，一边吃年夜饭，一边看精彩的电视节目，直到大年初一的清晨。

在中国和世界各地华夏子孙的心中，春节永远是最重要的节日。

The Spring Festival

The first day of the first lunar month is the New Year in the Chinese lunar calendar. Among the traditional Chinese festivals, this is the most important and the most bustling. Since it occurs at the end of winter and the beginning of spring, people also call it the Spring Festival.

Chinese he many traditional customs relating to the Spring Festival. Since the 23rd day of the 12th lunar montha, people start to prepare for the event. Every family will undertake thorough cleaning, do their Spring Festival shopping, create paper-cuts for window decoration, put up New Year picturesb, write Spring Festival coupletsc, make New Year cakesd, and also prepare all kinds of food to bid farewell to the old and usher in the new.

New Year's Eve is the time for a hy reunion of all family members, when they sit around the table to he a sumptuous New Year's Eve dinner, talking and laughing, until daybreak, which is called "staying up to see the year out". When the bell tolls midnight on New Year's Eve, people eat dumplings. In ancient times, midnight was called zishi (a period of the day from 11 p.m. to 1 a.m.). Dumplings (jiaozi) are eaten because it sounds the same as "change of the year and the day" in Chinese.

From the first day of the lunar year, people pay New Year calls on relatives and friends, which is an important custom for the Spring Festival.

Setting off firecrackers is the forite activity of children in the Spring Festival. According to legend, this could drive off evil spirits. The continuous sound of firecrackers can be heard everywhere, adding to the atmosphere of rejoicing and festivity.

Many places hold temple fairs. The wonderful dragon lantern dance and the lion dance performances, along with various handicraft articles and local snacks attract thousands of people.

With the development of the times, some changes he taken place in the customs of spending the Spring Festival. For example, to prevent environmental pollution, many cities he banned firecrackers. But this does not he an impact on the hy atmosphere of the festival. On New Year's Eve, family members get together to he dinner while watching TV programs.

For Chinese at home and abroad, the Spring Festival is always the most important festival.

求一篇商务或者科技英语英译汉文章（中英文都有，能注明出处），1000英文单词左右,中文翻译最好是原创

Fa Dong Ji Fa Dong Ji be to be that the automobile exercises the device providing driving force. Whose effect is to make fuel burn making power, and then the drive passing a chassis is that driving a carriage wheel makes an automobile run. The engine has the two kinds petrol engine and diesel mainly. Hyundai Motor adopt the dyadic piston internal-combustion engine moving back and forth broadly. It is to do the external output power's by the fact that the combustible gas burns swelling within the cylinder producing pressure , drives a piston to move and makes a crank shaft rotate by the connecting rod. Mainly, including two big organization and five large scale system, they are that crank bar linkage, matches gas organization , fuel supplies with system , firing system (petrol engine) , actuating system , cooling system and lubricating system are composed of. Diesel oil engine firing way is that pressure burns style , is therefore there being no firing.

发动机 发动机是为汽车行使提供动力的装置。其作用是使燃料燃烧产生动力，然后通过底盘的传动系驱动车轮使汽车行驶。发动机主要有汽油机和柴油机两种。 现代汽车广泛用往复活塞式内燃发动机。它是通过可燃气体在汽缸内燃烧膨胀产生压力，推动活塞运动并通过连杆使曲轴旋转来对外输出功率的。主要包括两大机构和五大系统，它们是曲柄连杆机构、配气机构、燃料供给系统、点火系统（汽油发动机）、起动系统、冷却系统和润滑系统组成。柴油发动机的点火方式为压燃式，所以无点火系。

检举

关于科比的英文文章阅读

The Richest Person----Bill Gates

In the USA Forbes magazine has published its annual list of the richest people in the world. Bill Gates of Microsoft is the richest man again for the eleventh successive year with a fortune of forty-four billion dollars.

There are a record 691 dollar billionaires according to Forbes magazine. Between them they he a fortune of two point two trillion dollars. The highest concentration of the ultra-rich is in New York followed by Moscow and San Fransisco and then London and Los Angeles. But in total the very wealthy live in forty seven different countries with Iceland Kazakstan?Ukraine and Poland entering the list for the first time this year.

Laksmi Mittal an Indian born steel tycoon enjoyed the biggest increase in personal fortune. His net worth has quadrupled to thir billion dollars making him the world＇third richest man. Ingvar Kamprad founder of the Swedish furniture chain Ikea also saw a big increase in wealth taking him to sixth place. Developing countries make more of a showing than in past years - there are for example three Russians and four Indians in the top sixty richest people?though surprisingly perhaps none from China excluding Hong Kong. Asian wealth is probably under-represented as its usually spread among families?whereas Forbes looks at individuals.

Relatively few women feature in the list - among them is JK Rowling?author of the Harry Potter novels ranked 620th with a fortune of 519 million dollars. New entrants to the list include the founders of the internet search group Google Sergie Brin and Larry Page each worth more than seven billion dollars after their company＇s recent stock market debut. The richest Italian is the prime minister Silvio Berlusconi ranked number 25 in the global wealth league.

世界上最富有的人比尔盖茨

美国的《福布斯》杂志每年都要推出她的全球富豪排行榜。微软的比尔-盖茨以440亿美元的资产再次坐上全球首富的交椅，他已连续坐这个位子11年了。

在美国《福布斯》推出的全球富豪排行榜上，比尔-盖茨已连续坐这个位子11年了。

此次入围《富布斯》榜单的亿万富翁共有691人，资产总和达了2.2万亿美元。富翁最多的地方是纽约，然后依次分别是莫斯科、旧金山、伦敦和洛杉矶。从整体上看，富翁们分别来自47个国家，而冰岛、哈萨克斯坦、乌克兰和波兰的富翁今年是第一次进入该榜单。

出生在印度的钢铁大亨拉什米-米塔尔的个人财富增长最快，他的净资产增长了四倍达130亿美元，使他成为了世界上第三位富有的人。瑞典宜家家居的创始人英格瓦-卡普拉德也因财富的迅速增长而上升到了第六位。发展中国家同过去相比已经有了善好的表现。除香港外，尽管前60名中没有一个来自中国内地，但是却有3个俄罗斯人和4个印度人进入。不过亚洲的统计可能不具代表性，因为他们通常都是家族式发展，而《福布斯》看重的是个人。

相比而言，榜单上的女性比较少，《哈利-波特》的作者JK-罗琳就以519，000，000美元的资产排名620位。新入选榜单的富翁包括网络搜索巨头Google的创建人布琳和裴基，在他们公司的股票上市后，他俩每人的财富都超过了70亿美元。意大利最富有的人是总理贝卢斯科尼，他在这次全球财富排名中排到了第25位。

翻译英文文章，急用！！

科比·布莱恩特,一代人的偶像,NBA 20年间最伟大的球星。下面是我带来的，欢迎阅读!

篇一Dear Basketball,

From the moment

I started rolling my dad’s tube socks

And shooting imaginary

Game-winning shots

In the Great Western Forum

I knew one thing was real:

I fell in love with you.

A love so deep I ge you my all —

From my mind & body

To my spirit & soul.

As a six-year-old boy

Deeply in love with you

I never saw the end of the tunnel.

I only saw myself

Running out of one.

And so I ran.

I ran up and down every court

After every loose ball for you.

You asked for my hustle

I ge you my heart

Because it came with so much more.

I played through the sweat and hurt

Not because challenge called me

But because YOU called me.

I did everything for YOU

Because that’s what you do

When someone makes you feel as

Alive as you’ve made me feel.

You ge a six-year-old boy his Laker dream

And I’ll always love you for it.

But I can’t love you obsessively for much longer.

This season is all I he left to give.

My heart can take the pounding

My mind can handle the grind

But my body knows it’s time to say goodbye.

And that’s OK.

I’m ready to let you go.

I want you to know now

So we both can sor every moment we he left together.

The good and the bad.

We he given each other

All that we he.

And we both know, no matter what I do next

I’ll always be that kid

With the rolled up socks

Garbage can in the corner

:05 seconds on the clock

Ball in my hands.

5 … 4 … 3 … 2 … 1

Love you always,

Kobe

篇二Dear students :

Hello everyone !

Black Mamba is a deadly poisonous snakes he , why do I get this name? Because once I entered the stadium , I was deadly , like the black mamba same. So the next scene , I can joke , but once I entered the stadium , I'll be like a new person , like , engrossed on the pitch.

I am now 35 years old, went to be the second half of his career, like some of the injured are also monplace. Once injured , you think the world stopped, regardless of knee injuries, shoulder injuries , and so on . I know a lot of people he ruined the whole career , and some people even depressed , can not even return to the stadium. When that moment hened, I would look at himself in the mirror , "said Bryant , what would you ? If you experience such pain you what will hen ? " You know, every time I see someone hurt, I saw a lot of people e back after the injury , I looked at himself in the mirror muttering , "is not it quit ? should not stop playing it?" I do not know yet whether the return game. I sit here and tell you now , I want a full recovery back on the court . But I can not promise , because a lot of the time I still he some dous , but I think , this is to meet the challenges of significance .

To seize every opportunity to prove yourself to everyone , to prove that you can meet the challenge. To those who say you can never succeed , you will fail to prove , and this is my opinion. If someone says you are the injured , to slump , and for me, if someone suffered this injury might quit , but Kobe can not do this . Others say it under your die, I would say that you so that you may quit . So I he to prove it to them , especially to my fans who support me , love , I he to win their own , to win the pain , can return to the game . So as to allow those who dou me rethink what is the impossible bees possible. The importance of these scars is reflected in here , these scars are my shift reflects growing .

As a player, I was born with a passion to succeed , you want to win. But also the most important thing in life the hardest thing . As a player , you want to go to the stadium to meet the biggest challenge , I think the biggest challenge is to bring people into the team like a man as to constantly , constantly win, this is the biggest challenge the team of athletic petition , this is exactly my passion . For me personally, the most important thing is to continue to meet the challenge, and never afraid of challenges is extremely important.

But more important to maintain a constant curiosity of things , such as how to play better , how to improve the skills , how what is learned from others . In fact, I grew up to now has been looking for factors that inspire me from all aspects , not just from the body of Michael Jordan , Earvin Magic Johnson from the body, but also from Michael Jackson , Beethoven, Leonardo da Vinci, Bruce Lee's body, these who ge me great motivation, let me forward, so this is the spirit of the black mamba . Not that you he to constantly attack others , but to never stop you from moving forward . Life is a life-long learning , so it is extremely important to keep learning . You he to keep learning , study and study again , and talk to people , to understand , to learn, and not feel that you know everything . The only way you can bee a better person , in order to further improve your skills . Finally, there will be a by-product , to bee a champion , bee better yourself. For me, this is the spirit of the black mamba , my source of spiritual lies. So if I am able to pass this spirit to all of you , whatever you want to do, to bee a basketball player , a writer or a presenter, no matter what your dream is , you must adhere to the dream of success from the front people who learn from the experience and knowledge to the success of all walks of life , some of them he in mon makes them stand out, be successful, this is what I want to convey to you today positive energy .

** 相关文章拓展阅读：科比经典语录中英文对照**

1。“What I’m doing right now，I’m chasing perfection。”

“我现在所做的一切，都是为了追求更加完美。”

2。“Love me or hate me，it's one or the other。Always has been。Hate my game，my swagger。Hate my fadeaway，my hunger。Hate that I'm a veteran。A champion。Hate that。Hate it with all your heart。And hate that I'm loved，for the exact same reasons。"

爱我或者恨我，两者必有其一，一直都这样。有人恨我的比赛，我的狂妄自大;恨我的后仰投篮，我对胜利的渴望;恨我是一名老将，恨我获得过总冠军。恨吧，用你的全部心思去恨吧。然而也有很多人深爱着我，理由却和恨我的人一样。

3。“I’ll do what ever it takes to win games，whether it’s sitting on a bench wing a towel，handing a cup of water to a teammate，or hitting the game-winning shot。”

“为了取得比赛的胜利，要我做什么都可以，不管是坐在板凳席上给队友递毛巾、递水，还是上场执行致胜一投。”

4。“As far as carrying the torch for the years to e，I don’t know。I just want to be the best basketball player I can be。”

“我不知道需要多长时间才能取得辉煌，我只是想尽我所能去成为最出色的篮球运动员。”

5。“Everything negative-pressure，challenges-is all an opportunity for me to rise。”

“压力、挑战，这一切消极的东西都是我能够取得成功的催化剂。”

6。“I don’t want to be the next MichaelJordan，I only want to be KobeBryant。”

“我可不想成为乔丹第二，我只想成为科比-布莱恩特。”

Unity is strength.

-- the feeling of reading "father and son"

This year summer vacation, and on the shelves to pick, but do not want to dig out a book "Aesop's Fables", the book is in English, in a not very familiar with the sentence, I learned a lot.

With a turn, turn to the chapter, is "father and son", the story is this: there is a farmer's son often fighting. He repeatedly to persuade their sincere words and earnest wishes, although he did, still be of no ail. He thinks to should use facts to educate them, he called his sons to take a bundle of sticks. Stick it, he put the whole bundle of sticks to them, let them break. The sons of a best will not break it. Then he untied the bundle of sticks, ge each of them a. Which they broke them easily into two sections. Then, the farmer said: "the children, you should be the same, solidarity, like sticks to make concerted efforts, will not be the enemy; but you're fighting, are vulnerable to enemy." This story illustrates, unity is unconquerable strength and infighting, but only wears.

Thus, in a long time ago, people he to understand the unity of the great. At first, I the book story is a contemptuous disregard, but later, after my observation, I slowly change original intention.

In August, I went to a friend's house, she had an ant farm, I looked to fondle admiringly. Look carefully, there are a few shallow, winding road, through the blue gel look, very he administrative levels feeling. However, only 3 ants in the slow work. Back home, I also bought a home for ants, count, there are about 10 ant. Originally thought to be a few months before the real friend home. Unexpectedly, when the dark past, the very next day early in the morning warm in the morning sunlight, there is a long tunnel has formed a friend. Some ants are hard work. They lined up, one at the head of mining, the other dogs and orderly transfer dug under the gel. Each ant earnest responsible for that authentic own, very unity.

That moment, I suddenly understood. Friends of the tunnel shallow, because only three ants, and each of them for personal gain, he dug a tunnel. No help. And my ants, together, together, together in a genuine endeour, so only a day more than friends. This is the force of unity!

So, unity is strength, we must unite, strive for the greater glory.

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